The IPA in Unicode
Build a query or one bracketed allophone set   [abc] = a or b or c, but (ab|cd) = ab or cd.  See the MKED Tutorial and Cookbook for more details.
    V = any vowel, X = any consonant
clear entry
 Nasal V  U m     ɱ   ɱ̊   n     ɳ   ɳ̊   ɲ   ɲ̊   ŋ   ŋ̊   ɴ   ɴ̥      
 Plosive V U  I   b   p   ɓ  
  d   t   ɗ  
ɖ   ʈ   ɟ*   c*   ʄ  
ɡ   k   ɠ  
ɢ   q     ʔ
 (Aspirated) A    Coronals      
 Fricative  F S+ ɸ   f   θ   s   ʃ   ʂ   ɕ   ʑ   x   χ   ʕ   ħ   h
 Appx't V  U w*           l   r   j(y)   ɰ   ɰ̊ ʀ   ʀ̥    
  Front             Center             Back


i y ɨ     ʉ     ɯ u
ɪ ʏ   ɤ ʊ
e ø (ɜ) ə o
ɐ       ʌ ɔ
a ɑ ɒ
 Affricates  ʣ ʤ ʥ ʦ ʧ ʨ ɬ ɮ  Fricative vowels ɿ ʮ ʅ ʯ ʋ
*NB: 'ɟ' no longer matches ʣ, ʤ, and ʥ, 'c' no longer matches ʦ, ʧ, and ʨ.   'w' matches w, v, and β (but not ʋ); similar for voiceless.
Tables are derived from IPA, but reflect typical Southeast Asian practice.  Vowel layout is similar to Pullum & Ladusaw (1996), pp. 298-299.
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Please see the MKED Tutorial and Cookbook for more details.
In an exact search:
  B following a vowel requires breathiness.
  C following a vowel requires creakiness.
  D following a vowel requires a diphthong.
  L following a vowel requires a long vowel.
In a normal search: 
 -  diacritics marking tone and phonation are ignored.
 -  long vowels and diphtongs are matched automatically.
 -  script and regular 'g' (ɡ / g) are equivalent.
 -  ordinary 'h' matches IPA ʰ for aspirated.
 -  IPA matches traditional hm for unvoiced.
 -  ':' matches IPA 'ː' for long vowels.
[abc] allow any member of the set a, b, or c.
?  zero or 1 of the preceding.
[abc]? or a?  the set or letter is optional.
*  zero or more of the preceding.
.*  anything; zero or more letters.
[abc].* or a.*  the set or letter followed by anything.
.*[abc] or .*a  the set or letter preceded by anything.
V  matches any vowel.
X  matches any consonant
a|b  and|or in text search only
Please report all bugs and suggestions to doug.cooper.thailand at
User interface Underlying data
Browser  It is difficult to make pages display in identical fashion on all browsers (and still have time for useful work as well).  This site will look best on Firefox 3.5+.
Latitude / longitude  Lat and long figures are approximate guides to the locations where dictionary data was gathered.  Points are often intentionally offset (e.g. Nicobaric) to make the colored pins visible.
Map rendering  For unknown reasons, maps sometimes render slowly or only partially.  We're working on it.
Item counts  Counts of source items (in both the Database and the Dictionary) are sometimes reported inconsistently; this will be fixed. 
Phonemic / phonetic  For consistency in searching a phonemic representation is most desirable.  However, source data often comes in a close phonetic rendering, or in native orthography.  Conversion is ongoing. 
Transcription  We make every effort to transcribe with 100% accuracy, but errors do occur.  In most cases the original source page images are available through the Database; please report any errors.
Primary / secondary citations  We try to identify, indicate, and rebuild secondary sources.  As a result, single source items may appear more than once.  Such references will be unified in the long run. 
Large datasets  In a very few cases (esp. Khmer data) the underlying data set was so large and comprehensive that individually redacting glosses would have greatly delayed getting any data on line. As a temporary solution, we have automatically extracted the leading glosses of all headwords not marked as Indic.

This experimental tab records search history, and will list the main search arguments for each query.  All contents will be erased if you refresh the browser. 

Re language values, note that "unfold" means "all languages in the prior branch."