Dixon, R.M.W. 1979, "Ergativity", in Language, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 59--138. Linguistic Society of America.
Dixon, R.M.W. (1979). Ergativity. Language, 55 (1) , 59--138. Linguistic Society of America.
Dixon, R. M. W. 1979. "Ergativity." In Language, 55 , no. 1: 59--138. Linguistic Society of America.
Dixon, R. M. W. "Ergativity." Language. 55.1 (1979): 59--138.
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(Dixon 1979)
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  source = {jstor},
  ISSN = {0097-8507},
  abstract = {Morphological marking, whether realized by nominal case inflections or cross-referencing on the verb, can be either (i) ergative, marking transitive subject [A] function, vs. absolutive, marking intransitive subject [S] and transitive object [O]; or (ii) nominative, marking A and S, vs. accusative, marking O function. Absolutive is always the unmarked term in an absolutive/ergative opposition. Nominative is most frequently the unmarked term in a nominative/accusative system, but there are some languages in which accusative is unmarked. A language whose morphology mixes accusative and ergative marking has the split determined by (a) the semantic content of verbs, (b) the semantic content of NP's, (c) aspect/tense choice, or (d) a combination of these. A, S, and O are universal semantic-syntactic primitives. A universal category of 'subject' can be defined as the set {A,S}, and is valid only for the level of deep structure. Language-particular syntactic operations, such as coordination and subordination, work in terms of a (shallow-structure) 'pivot'; this is most often S/A, but can be wholly or partly S/O (languages of the latter type are said to be ergative at the syntactic level). A major function of antipassive or passive derivations is to place A or O NP's (respectively) in derived pivot function, S. Many languages which have some morphological ergativity are entirely accusative (S/A pivot) at the syntactic level. All languages that show syntactic ergativity have some morphological ergativity.},
  author = {Dixon, R. M. W.},
  copyright = {Copyright 1979 Linguistic Society of America},
  journal = {Language},
  jstor_articletype = {Full Length Article},
  jstor_date = {197903},
  jstor_formatteddate = {Mar., 1979},
  month = {mar},
  number = {1},
  pages = {59--138},
  publisher = {Linguistic Society of America},
  title = {Ergativity},
  url = {http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0097-8507%28197903%2955%3A1%3C59%3AE%3E2.0.CO%3B2-H},
  volume = {55},
  year = {1979},