Shapiro, M. 1972, "Explorations into Markedness", in Language, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 343--364. Linguistic Society of America.
Shapiro, M. (1972). Explorations into Markedness. Language, 48 (2) , 343--364. Linguistic Society of America.
Shapiro, Michael. 1972. "Explorations Into Markedness." In Language, 48 , no. 2: 343--364. Linguistic Society of America.
Shapiro, Michael. "Explorations Into Markedness." Language. 48.2 (1972): 343--364.
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(Shapiro 1972)
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  source = {jstor},
  ISSN = {0097-8507},
  abstract = {The thesis of this paper is that explanation in linguistics must refer to a deductively formulated theory of language couched in terms of semiotic universals. A theory of this kind, utilizing complementarity and markedness as formal universals, is developed and applied as the explanans of linguistic phenomena from Russian, Spanish, English, and Old Balto-Slavic. Two other fundamental notions are exploited with the aim of demonstrating the explanatory importance of the functional relationship between rule components and distinctive-feature hierarchies in phonology, morphology, and morphophonemics. These notions facilitate a coherent, internally consistent examination of linguistic aetiology and permit inferences about the nature of teleological explanation.},
  author = {Shapiro, Michael},
  copyright = {Copyright 1972 Linguistic Society of America},
  journal = {Language},
  jstor_articletype = {Full Length Article},
  jstor_date = {197206},
  jstor_formatteddate = {Jun., 1972},
  month = {jun},
  number = {2},
  pages = {343--364},
  publisher = {Linguistic Society of America},
  title = {Explorations into Markedness},
  url = {http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0097-8507%28197206%2948%3A2%3C343%3AEIM%3E2.0.CO%3B2-K},
  volume = {48},
  year = {1972},