STATS Rose, P.J. 1989, "On the non-equivalence of fundamental frequency and pitch tonal description [Chinese and Thai]", in Prosodic analysis and Asian linguistics: to honour R.K. Sprigg. Canberra, A.C.T, ed. D. Bradley et al., pp. 55-82. Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. cite.
STATS Shen, X.S. , "The prosody of Mandarin Chinese", cite.
STATS Tseng, C.-. xxxx, "An acoustic phonetic study on tones in Mandarin Chinese", cite.
STATS Whalen, D.H. and Xu, Y. 1992, "Information for Mandarin tones in the amplitude contour and in brief segments", in Phonetica : international journal of speech science, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 25-47. cite.
STATS Xu, Y. 1997, "Contextual tonal variations in Mandarin", in Journal of phonetics, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 61-83. cite.